The Swedish forestry model
Are you familiar with the Forestry Act? It’s a Swedish law that regulates management of the forest and forest land. The law established two equally weighted goals: a production goal and an environmental goal. Forestry is required to give equal weight to environmental considerations and long-term wood production. Forestry is also regulated by Environmental Code provisions.
Before the Forestry Act was amended in 1993, its main focus was on enabling an increase in wood production. Foresters were required by law to fell the trees, with a potential negative impact on biodiversity.
Since 1993, the Forestry Act emphasises the value of both production and biodiversity, allowing us to preserve both in equal measure.
The Swedish Forest Agency is the regulatory authority for portions of the Environmental Code, which includes regulations on forestry measures that may impact the environment in Natura 2000 areas and that may significantly alter the natural environment. You can learn more about the Swedish Forestry act at the Swedish Forest Agency.
The certification system imposes additional requirements for greater care and sustainability in forestry. Today, most Swedish forests are certified.
The most comprehensive quality indicators (certifications) for forestry have been established by FSC and PEFC. Both are non-profits with international headquarters and independent national organisations. The two certifications are similar, but with some differences. Read more below about what they stand for and how they help ensure sustainable forestry – in Sweden and globally.